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Description du contenu du cours

Course Outline

Student’s Guide
  • Teaching Method and Work Requirements
  • Bibliography

Presentation and Objectives

  • Nutrition Throughout History
  • Introduction
Chapter 1

Nutrients

  • Essential Nutrients
  • Table of Essential and Semi-essential Nutrients
  • Heavy Metals
  • Official Nutrient Intakes
  • The Different DRI
  • Caloric Needs

Protein

  • Introduction
  • Composition and Chemical Structure
  • Protein Quality
  • Metabolism
  • Roles
  • Needs
  • Protein Needs
  • Deficiency and Excess
  • Deficiency
  • Excess
  • Sources

Carbohydrates

  • Kinds of Carbohydrates
  • Monosaccharides
  • Disaccharides
  • Polysaccharides
  • Glycemic Index of Food Versus Slow and Fast Sugars
  • The Roles of Carbohydrates
  • Needs
  • Deficiency and Excess
  • Deficiency
  • Excess
  • Sources
  • Artificial and Low-calorie Sweeteners
  • Mannitol, Sorbitol and Xxylitol
  • Saccharine: A Petroleum By-product
  • Acesulfame-k (Sunette, Sweet & Safe, Sweet One)
  • Aspartame (Nutra-Sweet and Equal)
  • Sucralose (Splenda)
  • Stevia
  • Regulation of Glycemia
  • The Carbohydrate/Protein Ratio
  • Sugar-related Diseases
  • Carbohydrates in Summary

Fibre

  • Kinds and Categories of Fibre
  • Soluble Fibre
  • Insoluble Fibre
  • The Roles of Fibre
  • Needs
  • Deficiency and Excess
  • Deficiency
  • Excess
  • Sources

Lipids

  • Introduction
  • Classification of Lipids
  • Saponifiable Lipids
  • Fatty Acids
  • Saturated Fatty Acids (SFA)
  • Unsaturated Fatty Acids (UFA)
  • Sources
  • Omega (w) Fatty Acid Concept
  • Essential Fatty Acids (EFA)
  • Deficiencies and Excesses
  • Deficiency
  • Excess
  • Simple Lipids
  • Glycerides
  • Needs
  • Ceramides
  • Steroids
  • Cholesterol
  • The Role of Cholesterol
  • The Idea of “Good” and “Bad” Cholesterol
  • Complex Lipids
  • Phosphorous Lipids
  • Nitrogenous Lipids
  • Sulfured Lipids
  • Unsaponifiable Lipids
  • Polyisoprenic Lipids

Water

  • The Functions of Water
  • Needs
  • Losses and Daily Intake
  • Water From Beverages
  • Water From Food
  • Metabolic Water
  • Losses
  • Through the Urine
  • Through the Skin
  • Through the Lungs
  • Through the Stool
  • Types of Water
  • Distilled Water
  • Water from Reverse Osmosis
  • Spring Water
  • Brita-type Filtered Water
  • Mineral Water
  • In Summary
  • Revision
  • Activity 1
Chapter 2

Vitamins

  • B Vitamins
  • Vitamin B1
  • Vitamin B2
  • Vitamin B3
  • Vitamin B5
  • Vitamin B6
  • Vitamin B8
  • Vitamin B9
  • Vitamin B12

Other Vitamins or Pseudo-Vitamins of B-complex Vitamins

  • Choline
  • Inositol
  • PABA
  • Orotic Acid (B13)
  • Pangamic Acid (B15)
  • Laetrile (B17)
  • Vitamin P
  • PQQ
  • Vitamin C

Fat-Soluble Vitamins

  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin D
  • Vitamin E
  • Vitamin K
  • Revision
  • Activity 2
Chapter 3

Minerals

  • Mineral Salts
  • Calcium (Ca)
  • Sodium (Na)
  • Magnesium (Mg)
  • Phosphorus (P)
  • Potassium (K)
  • Revision
  • Activity 3
Chapter 4

Trace Elements

  • Definition
  • Generalities

List of Trace Elements

  • Iron (Fe)
  • Sulphur (S)
  • Chlorine (Cl)
  • Fluorine (F)
  • Chromium (Cr)
  • Cobalt (Co)
  • Copper (Cu)
  • Iodine (I)
  • Lithium (Li)
  • Manganese (Mn)
  • Selenium (Se)
  • Silica (Si)
  • Vanadium (V)
  • Zinc (Zn)
  • Molybdenum (Mo)

Heavy Metal

  • Silver
  • Aluminum (Al)
  • Cadmium (Cd)
  • Mercury (Hg)
  • Nickel (Ni)
  • Lead (Pb)
  • Revision
  • Activity 4
Chapter 5

The Bioavailability of Vitamins and Minerals

  • Generalities
  • The Case of Orotates
  • The Example of Calcium
  • Bioavailable Iron
  • Natural Vitamins
  • Recognizing Synthetic Vitamins
  • Activity 5
Appendices

Appendix 1

  • Mineral Interaction Wheel

Appendix 2

  • Index of Dietary Recommendations

Appendix 3

  • Search for Vitamin Deficiencies

Appendix 4

  • Chelation of Heavy Metals

Appendix 5

  • What Kind of Water Should We Drink?

References

  • English
  • French
  • Web sites

Answers

  • Answers to Activity 1
  • Answers to Activity 2
  • Answers to Activity 3
  • Answers to Activity 4
  • Answers to Activity 5
  • Exam
  • Instructions
  • Evaluation Questionnaire 142
  • Validation Form Course 142