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Description du contenu du cours

Course Outline

A & P Study Guide
  • Deadline
  • Introduction
  • Objectives
Teaching Method and Work Requirements
  • Acknowledgement of Receipt of the A & P Student Guide for the A & P Course
  • Beginning the Course
  • Planning your Study Schedule
  • Answering the Questions
  • Correcting Your Answers
  • Exam
  • Sending Activities to the College
  • Useful Information
The Human Body: An Orientation

Subject Matter To Focus On

  • An Overview of Anatomy and Physiology
  • Levels of Structural Organization
  • Maintaining Life
  • Homeostasis
  • The Language of Anatomy

Answer & Correction Workspace

  • Activity 1.1
  • Activity 1.2
  • Activity 1.3
Chemistry Comes Alive

Subject Matter to Focus On

  • Definition of Concepts: Matter and Energy
  • Composition of Matter: Atoms and Elements
  • How Matter is Combined: Molecules and Mixtures
  • Chemical Bonds
  • Chemical Reactions
  • Inorganic Compounds
  • Organic Compounds

Answer & Correction Workspace

  • Activity 2.1
  • Activity 2.2
  • Activity 2.3
Cell: The Living Units

Subject Matter to Focus On

  • Overview of the Cellular Basis of Life
  • The Plasma Membrane: Structure; Membrane Transport; Generation of a Resting Membrane Potential; Cell-Environment Interactions
  • The Cytoplasm
  • The Nucleus
  • Cell Growth and Reproduction
  • Extracellular Materials
  • Developmental Aspects of Cells

Answer & Correction Workspace

  • Activity 3.1
  • Activity 3.2
  • Activity 3.3
Tissue: The Living Fabric

Subject Matter to Focus On

  • Preparing Human Tissue for Microscopy
  • Epithelial Tissue
  • Nervous Tissue
  • Muscle Tissue
  • Covering and Lining Membranes
  • Tissue Repair
  • Developmental Aspects of Tissues

Answer & Correction Workspace

  • Activity 4.1
  • Activity 4.2
  • Activity 4.3
The Integumentary System

Subject Matter to Focus On

  • The Skin
  • Appendages of the Skin
  • Functions of the Integumentary System
  • Homeostatic Imbalances of Skin
  • Developmental Aspects of the Integumentary System

Answer & Correction Workspace

  • Activity 5.1
  • Activity 5.2
  • Activity 5.3
Bones and Skeletal Tissues

Subject Matter to Focus On

  • Skeletal Cartilages
  • Classification of Bones
  • Functions of Bones
  • Bone Structure
  • Bone Development
  • Bone Homeostasis: Remodelling and Repair
  • Homeostatic Imbalance of Bone
  • Developmental Aspects of Bones: Timing of Events

Answer & Correction Workspace

  • Activity 6.1
  • Activity 6.2
  • Activity 6.3
The Skeleton

Subject Matter to Focus On

  • The Skull
  • The Vertebral Column
  • The Thoracic Cage
  • The Pectoral (Shoulder) Girdle
  • The Upper Limbs
  • The Pelvic (Hip) Girdle
  • The Lower Limbs
  • Developmental Aspects of the Skeleton

Answer & Correction Workspace

  • Activity 7.1
  • Activity 7.2
  • Activity 7.3
Joints

Subject Matter to Focus On

  • Classification of Joints
  • Fibrous Joints
  • Cartilaginous Joints
  • Synovial Joints
  • Homeostatic Imbalance of Joints
  • Developmental Aspects of Joints

Answer & Correction Workspace

  • Activity 8.1
  • Activity 8.2
  • Activity 8.3
Muscles and Muscular Tissue

Subject Matter To Focus On

  • Overview of Muscle Tissues
  • Skeletal Muscles
  • Smooth Muscles
  • Developmental Aspects of Muscles

Answer & Correction Workspace

  • Activity 9.1
  • Activity 9.2
  • Activity 9.3
The Muscular System

Subject Matter To Focus On

  • Interaction of Skeletal Muscles in the Body
  • Naming Skeletal Muscles
  • Muscle Mechanics: Importance of Fascicle Arrangement and Leverage
  • Major Skeletal Muscles of the Body

Answer & Correction Workspace

  • Activity 10.1
  • Activity 10.2
  • Activity 10.3
Fundamentals of the Nervous System and Nervous Tissue

Subject Matter to Focus On

  • Functions and Divisions of the Nervous System
  • Histology of the Nervous System
  • Membrane Potential
  • The Synapse
  • Neurotransmitters and their Receptors
  • Basic Concepts of Neural Integration
  • Developmental Aspects of Neurons

Answer & Correction Workspace

  • Activity 11.1
  • Activity 11.2
  • Activity 11.3
The Central Nervous System

Subject Matter to Focus On

  • The Brain
  • Higher Mental Functions
  • Protection of the Brain
  • The Spinal Cord
  • Diagnostic Procedures for Assessing CNS Dysfunction
  • Developmental Aspects of the Central Nervous System

Answer & Correction Workspace

  • Activity 12.1
  • Activity 12.2
  • Activity 12.3
The Peripheral Nervous System and Reflex Activity

Subject Matter to Focus On

  • Sensory Receptors
  • Sensory Integration: From Sensation to Perception
  • Nerves and Associated Ganglia
  • Cranial Nerves
  • Spinal Nerves
  • Peripheral Motor Ending
  • Motor Integration: From Intention to Effect
  • The Reflex Arc
  • Spinal Reflexes
  • Developmental Aspects of the Peripheral Nervous System

Answer & Correction Workspace

  • Activity 13.1
  • Activity 13.2
  • Activity 13.3
The Autonomic Nervous System

Subject Matter to Focus On

  • Introduction
  • ANS Anatomy
  • ANS Physiology
  • Homeostatic Imbalances of the ANS
  • Developmental Aspects of the ANS

Answer & Correction Workspace

  • Activity 14.1
  • Activity 14.2
  • Activity 14.3
Special Senses

Subject Matter To Focus On

  • The Eye and Vision
  • Chemical Senses: Taste and Smell
  • The Ear: Hearing and Balance
  • Developmental Aspects of the Special Senses

Answer & Correction Workspace

  • Activity 15.1
  • Activity 15.2
  • Activity 15.3
The Endocrine System

Subject Matter to Focus On

  • The Endocrine System: An Overview
  • Hormones
  • The Pituitary Gland and Hypothalamus
  • The Thyroid Gland
  • The Parathyroid Glands
  • The Pineal Gland
  • Other Endocrine Glands and Tissues
  • Developmental Aspects of the Endocrine System

Answer & Correction Workspace

  • Activity 16.1
  • Activity 16.2
  • Activity 16.3
Blood

Subject Matter to Focus On

  • Overview: Blood Composition and Functions
  • Blood Plasma
  • Formed Elements
  • Homeostasis
  • Transfusion and Blood Replacement
  • Diagnostic Blood Tests
  • Developmental Aspects of Blood

Answer & Correction Workspace

  • Activity 17.1
  • Activity 17.2
  • Activity 17.3
The Cardiovascular System: The Heart
  • Subject Matter To Focus On
  • Heart Anatomy
  • Cardiac Muscle Fibers
  • Heart Physiology
  • Developmental Aspects of the Heart

Answer & Correction Workspace

  • Activity 18.1
  • Activity 18.2
  • Activity 18.3
The Cardiovascular System: Blood Vessels
  • Subject Matter To Focus On
  • Structure of Blood Vessel Walls
  • Arterial System
  • Capillaries
  • Venous System
  • Vascular Anastomoses
  • Introduction to Blood Flow, Blood Pressure, and Resistance
  • Systemic Blood Pressure
  • Maintaining Blood Pressure
  • Blood Flow through Body Tissues: Tissue Perfusion
  • The Two Main Circulations of the Body
  • Systemic Arteries and Veins: Differences in Pathways and Courses
  • Principal Vessels of the Systemic Circulation
  • Developmental Aspects of Blood Vessels

Answer & Correction Workspace

  • Activity 19.1
  • Activity 19.2
  • Activity 19.3
The Lymphatic System and Lymphoid Organs and Tissues
  • Subject Matter To Focus On
  • Lymphatic Vessels
  • Lymphoid Cells and Tissues
  • Lymph Nodes
  • Other Lymphoid Organs
  • Developmental Aspects of the Lymphatic System and Lymphoid Organs and Tissues

Answer & Correction Workspace

  • Activity 20.1
  • Activity 20.2
  • Activity 20.3
The Immune System: Innate and Adaptive Body Defense

Subject Matter To Focus On

  • Surface Barriers: Skin and Mucosae
  • Internal Defenses: Cells and Chemicals
  • Antigens
  • Cells of the Adaptive Immune System: An Overview
  • Humoral Immune Response
  • Cell-Mediated Immune Response
  • Homeostasis Imbalances of Immunity
  • Developmental Aspects of the Immune System

Answer & Correction Workspace

  • Activity 21.1
  • Activity 21.2
  • Activity 21.3
The Respiratory System

Subject Matter To Focus On

  • Functional Anatomy of the Respiratory System
  • Mechanics of Breathing
  • Gas Exchanges between the Blood, Lungs, and Tissues
  • Transport of Respiratory Gases by Blood
  • Control of Respiration
  • Respiratory Adjustments
  • Homeostatic Imbalances of the Respiratory System
  • Developmental Aspects of the Respiratory System

Answer & Correction Workspace

  • Activity 22.1
  • Activity 22.2
  • Activity 22.3
The Digestive System

Subject Matter To Focus On

  • Digestive Processes
  • Basic Functional Concepts
  • Digestive System Organs: Relationship
  • The Mouth and Associated Organs
  • The Pharynx
  • The Esophagus
  • The Stomach
  • The Small Intestine and Associated Structures
  • The Large Intestine
  • Chemical Digestion
  • Absorption
  • Developmental Aspects of the Digestive System

Answer & Correction Workspace

  • Activity 23.1
  • Activity 23.2
  • Activity 23.3
Nutrition, Metabolism, And Body Temperature Regulation

Subject Matter To Focus On

  • Diet and Nutrition
  • Overview of Metabolic Reactions
  • Metabolism of Major Nutrients
  • Metabolic States of the Body
  • The Metabolic Role of the Liver
  • Energy Balance
  • Developmental Aspects of Nutrition and Metabolism

Answer & Correction Workspace

  • Activity 24.1
  • Activity 24.2
  • Activity 24.3
The Urinary System

Subject Matter To Focus On

  • Kidney Anatomy
  • Kidney Physiology: Mechanism of Urine Formation
  • Urine
  • Ureters
  • Urinary Bladder
  • Urethra
  • Micturition
  • Developmental Aspects of the Urinary System

Answer & Correction Workspace

  • Activity 25.1
  • Activity 25.2
  • Activity 25.3
Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-base Balance

Subject Matter To Focus On

  • Body Fluids
  • Water Balance and ECF Osmolality
  • Electrolyte Balance
  • Acid-Base Balance
  • Developmental Aspects of Fluids and Acid-Base Balance

Answer & Correction Workspace

  • Activity 26.1
  • Activity 26.2
  • Activity 26.3
The Reproductive System

Subject Matter To Focus On

  • Anatomy of the Male Reproductive System
  • Physiology of the Male Reproductive System
  • Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System
  • Physiology of the Female Reproductive System
  • Sexuality Transmitted Infections
  • Developmental Aspects of the Reproductive System

Answer & Correction Workspace

  • Activity 27.1
  • Activity 27.2
  • Activity 27.3
Pregnancy and Human Development

Subject Matter To Focus On

  • From Egg to Zygote
  • Events of Embryonic Development: Zygote to Blastocyst Implantation
  • Events of Embryonic Development: Gastrula to Fetus
  • Events of Fetal Development
  • Effects of Pregnancy on the Mother
  • Parturition (Birth)
  • Adjustment of the Infant to Extrauterine Life
  • Lactation
  • Assisted Reproductive Technology and Reproductive Cloning

Answer & Correction Workspace

  • Activity 28.1
  • Activity 28.2
  • Activity 28.3
Heredity

Subject Matter To Focus On

  • The Vocabulary of Genetics
  • Sexual Sources of Genetic Variation
  • Types of Inheritance
  • Environmental Factors in Gene Expression
  • Nontraditional Inheritance
  • Genetic Screening, Counseling, and Therapy

Answer & Correction Workspace

  • Activity 29.1
  • Activity 29.2
  • Activity 29.3

Answers to the End-of-Chapter Questions for Human Anatomy and Physiology